Earlier today NVIDIA announced G-Sync, its variable refresh rate technology for displays. The basic premise is simple. Displays refresh themselves at a fixed interval, but GPUs render frames at a completely independent frame rate. The disconnect between the two is one source of stuttering. You can disable v-sync to try and work around it but the end result is at best tearing, but at worst stuttering and tearing.

NVIDIA's G-Sync is a combination of software and hardware technologies that allows a modern GeForce GPU to control a variable display refresh rate on a monitor equipped with a G-Sync module. In traditional setups a display will refresh the screen at a fixed interval, but in a G-Sync enabled setup the display won't refresh the screen until it's given a new frame from the GPU.

NVIDIA demonstrated the technology on 144Hz ASUS panels, which obviously caps the max GPU present rate at 144 fps although that's not a limit of G-Sync. There's a lower bound of 30Hz as well, since anything below that and you'll begin to run into issues with flickering. If the frame rate drops below 30 fps, the display will present duplicates of each frame.

There's a bunch of other work done on the G-Sync module side to deal with some funny effects of LCDs when driven asynchronously. NVIDIA wouldn't go into great detail other than to say that there are considerations that need to be taken into account.

The first native G-Sync enabled monitors won't show up until Q1 next year, however NVIDIA will be releasing the G-Sync board for modding before the end of this year. Initially supporting Asus’s VG248QE monitor, end-users will be able to mod their monitor to install the board, or alternatively professional modders will be selling pre-modified monitors. Otherwise in Q1 of next year ASUS will be selling the VG248QE with the G-Sync board built in for $399, while BenQ, Philips, and ViewSonic are also committing to rolling out their own G-Sync equipped monitors next year too. I'm hearing that NVIDIA wants to try and get the module down to below $100 eventually. The G-Sync module itself looks like this:

There's a controller and at least 3 x 256MB memory devices on the board, although I'm guessing there's more on the back of the board. NVIDIA isn't giving us a lot of detail here so we'll have to deal with just a shot of the board for now.

Meanwhile we do have limited information on the interface itself; G-Sync is designed to work over DisplayPort (since it’s packet based), with NVIDIA manipulating the timing of the v-blank signal to indicate a refresh. Importantly, this indicates that NVIDIA may not be significantly modifying the DisplayPort protocol, which at least cracks open the door to other implementations on the source/video card side.

Although we only have limited information on the technology at this time, the good news is we got a bunch of cool demos of G-Sync at the event today. I'm going to have to describe most of what I saw since it's difficult to present this otherwise. NVIDIA had two identical systems configured with GeForce GTX 760s, both featured the same ASUS 144Hz displays but only one of them had NVIDIA's G-Sync module installed. NVIDIA ran through a couple of demos to show the benefits of G-Sync, and they were awesome.

The first demo was a swinging pendulum. NVIDIA's demo harness allows you to set min/max frame times, and for the initial test case we saw both systems running at a fixed 60 fps. The performance on both systems was identical as was the visual experience. I noticed no stuttering, and since v-sync was on there was no visible tearing either. Then things got interesting.

NVIDIA then dropped the frame rate on both systems down to 50 fps, once again static. The traditional system started to exhibit stuttering as we saw the effects of having a mismatched GPU frame rate and monitor refresh rate. Since the case itself was pathological in nature (you don't always have a constant mismatch between the two), the stuttering was extremely pronounced. The same demo on the g-sync system? Flawless, smooth.

NVIDIA then dropped the frame rate even more, down to an average of around 45 fps but also introduced variability in frame times, making the demo even more realistic. Once again, the traditional setup with v-sync enabled was a stuttering mess while the G-Sync system didn't skip a beat.

Next up was disabling v-sync with hopes of reducing stuttering, resulting in both stuttering (still refresh rate/fps mismatch) and now tearing. The G-Sync system, once again, handled the test case perfectly. It delivered the same smoothness and visual experience as if the we were looking at a game rendering perfectly at a constant 60 fps. It's sort of ridiculous and completely changes the overall user experience. Drops in frame rate no longer have to be drops in smoothness. Game devs relying on the presence of G-Sync can throw higher quality effects at a scene since they don't need to be as afraid of drops in frame rate excursions below 60 fps.

Switching gears NVIDIA also ran a real world demonstration by spinning the camera around Lara Croft in Tomb Raider. The stutter/tearing effects weren't as pronounced as in NVIDIA's test case, but they were both definitely present on the traditional system and completely absent on the G-Sync machine. I can't stress enough just how smooth the G-Sync experience was, it's a game changer.

The combination of technologies like GeForce Experience, having a ton of GPU performance and G-Sync can really work together to deliver a new level of smoothness, image quality and experience in games. We've seen a resurgence of PC gaming over the past few years, but G-Sync has the potential to take the PC gaming experience to a completely new level.

Update: NVIDIA has posted a bit more information about G-Sync, including the specs of the modified Asus VG248QE monitor, and the system requirements.

NVIDIA G-Sync System Requirements
Video Card GeForce GTX 650 Ti Boost or Higher
Display G-Sync Equipped Display
Driver R331.58 or Higher
Operating System Windows 7/8/8.1

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  • SetiroN - Friday, October 18, 2013 - link

    Not really.
    We have two AMD features that are most likely going to be utilised two times at best, and are only going to consist in better performance, against a "game changer", to quote Anand.
    Even if Mantle were to give me +40% fps in battlefield, it doesn't even remotely compare to perfect smoothness in every game without the additional vsync input lag.
  • Raviolay - Saturday, October 19, 2013 - link

    Any gamer worth is salt is running a 120/144htz screen and turns off V-sync or anything else like TXAA that causes custard mouse and fuzzy images. Lightboost is a must, however and that hack now works with AMD. G-sync is of little import to someone like me, more frames means a better response time with my mouse. The screen tear is negligible at 120/144htz without any synchronization rendering this G-sync moot. That is unless you want to run at 4K @ 60fps and given the new consoles target 1080p. The improvements are going to be neutered with low a texture quality, and I don't see developers making 4k textures for PC ports any time in the next 4 years.
  • treeroy - Saturday, October 19, 2013 - link

    "Any gamer worth its salt is running a 120/144htz screen"
    What absolute rubbish. 120Hz monitors weren't even a thing a few years ago, yet it was perfectly possible to be a core gamer then. I use a 60Hz monitor because I don't have $500 to throw on a brand new screen, yet I would definitely describe myself as a proper gamer.

    I also find your use of the term "htz" quite hilariously ironic. It's like saying, "Any driver worth his salt speeds at 80msph". If you're going to make yourself out to be a tech badass, at least learn that it's Hz not htz.
  • nathanddrews - Saturday, October 19, 2013 - link

    120Hz monitors weren't a thing? Ever heard of these things called CRTs? The 60Hz prison of LCDs are the worst thing to happen to gaming in the last decade. I feel a bit strongly about this topic... XD
  • jasonelmore - Saturday, October 19, 2013 - link

    The Asus VG248QE used in this demo is only $299 on newegg

  • dylan522p - Saturday, October 19, 2013 - link

    Oh really? So as a gamer having 3 27" 1440p Ultrasharps makes me not a real gamer....
  • lmcd - Sunday, October 20, 2013 - link

    I don't know gamer or not but it definitely makes you a target for envy!
  • sajara - Friday, November 8, 2013 - link

    Yeah. I've only 768p and I'm a gamer. And I was a hardcore gamer in 1985 with 256i, but i did not used a mouse back then... :p
  • treeroy - Saturday, October 19, 2013 - link

    Mantle has the potential to be extremely interesting, considering the next-gen platforms are all AMD-based. I'm not convinced about trueaudio, but I'm also not sure I care about g sync. I don't want to buy a new monitor just to utilise a solution to a problem that I haven't got in the first place.
  • ninjaquick - Thursday, October 24, 2013 - link


    This is an example of a *very* similar standard VESA has. Modifying it to suit the needs of a Dynamic-Sync - Variable-Refresh solution would be extremely easy.

    Did Nvida beat AMD to the punch? Sure. However, if you think that Nvidia will magically be the exclusive provider of this experience, well... That is just silly. This is the type of thing that will become industry standard very quickly. The same can be said about Mantle and TrueAudio, of course.. though the likelyhood of Microsoft giving developers Mantle levels of hardware access is pretty iffy at best.

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